Geographical indication is a sign used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin. Since the qualities depend on the geographical place of production, there is a clear link between the product and its original place of production. The examples of GI are Darjeeling Tea, Kanchipuram silk saree, Bikaneri bhujia etc.
In December 1999, the Parliament had passed the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act,1999. This Act seeks to provide for the registration and better protection of geographical indications relating to goods in India.
The Geographical Indication Act prevents unauthorized use of a Registered Geographical Indication by others, provides legal protection to Indian Geographical Indications which in turn boost exports and promotes economic prosperity of producers of goods produced in a geographical territory.